AM Oktober 2015

«Black Cave»

Zur Biografie von Daniel Nicol Dunlop

Eine Erkundung


[Archivalie – Oktober 2015]

Im «Web» finden sich natürlich auch vergleichsweise frühere Aufnahmen der «Black Cave», ausserdem Beschreibungen des Tiden-abhängigen Weges dorthin.

«The cave itself is in the rocky cliffs of Bennan Head, a boulder strewn beach lies before it, which is partly covered except at low tide. In rough weather (common here) it may not be possible to pass at all.»


Alte Karten zur Island of Arran und zu Kildonan stellt die National Library of Scotland zur Verfügung.


.↩︎   Die «Black Cave» auf der Insel Arran (Blick von innen auf die «Ailsa Craig»)

Zur Mutter-Höhle


«The Summer School took place from 3 to 17 August.

One intending participant was again the old German theosophist Franz Hartmann, who it may be noted had been present in April 1897 at the Theosophical Convention in New York also attended by Dunlop. But once more Hartmann did not arrive. He had reached the end of his days and died on 7 August, as noted in a first instalment in September of his memories of H.P. Blavatsky, ‹translated with Dr. Hartmann’s permission, and corrections, for publication in The Path›. Further instalments followed.

Walter Johannes Stein’s notes about the life of D.N. Dunlop state:

Mother † with 26 Dunlop only 5
from Arran
Mother in cave looking at the waves
like Iphigeneia

In his article ‹An Appreciation of Daniel Nicol Dunlop› published in December 1935 in The Present Age, Stein expanded these notes.

Mr. Dunlop’s mother died when she was twenty-six, and the little boy was only five. The mother was bom in Arran. Mr. Dunlop told me that his only memory of her was a little cave on the beach that was shown to him, where he was told that his mother had often sat deep in thought, looking at the waves. He often came to sit in this cave and gaze on the sea, and think about his mother whom he so much missed.

This can only be the Black Cave at Bennan Head, a few hundred yards west of the village of Kildonan on the south coast of Arran. On a clear day, Ireland is just visible from this cave on the distant horizon.»

[Aus: Crispian Villeneuve, Rudolf Steiner in Britain – A Documentation of His Ten Visits, Temple Lodge Publishing, 2nd rev. ed. 2009]
.↩︎   Blick auf den alten Dorfkern von Kildonan

Neue Funde zur Dunlops Leben.


Ein bekannter, hier namentlich nicht erwähnter Forscher berichtet:

«I found Dunlop’s birth certificate. Mother and father married 1867 in “Kildonnan”, Arran (different spelling).

Daniel was born in the family home at 3 Clark Street, Kilmarnock – but the old houses have been demolished. (…)

I managed to find records for Dunlop’s grandfather Daniel Nicol. The 1871 census has him living with a wife called Isabella (63) at the house of his sister-in-law Ann McMillan (48) and her unmarried daughter Elizabeth (22).

Ann is listed as a “fisherman’s wife”, Daniel as a “seaman” and Isabella as a “seaman’s wife”. (…)

I then found his death certificate. He is recorded as having died at 9.30 a.m. on 30th June 1882, aged 78. The place is given as Kildonan.

Here he is listed as a “fisherman”. His father, Donald Nicol, was a farmer.

Curiously, Daniel is also listed as the “widower of Christine Stewart” – from which I assume that his first wife Isabella died sometime after 1871 and he then married Christine Stewart, who also died (before him).

This still leaves me guessing as to the actual house or cottage in Kildonan where DND lived with grandfather Daniel (DND doesn’t mention his grandfather having a wife).»

›  DNDs birth certificate [PDF]

›  DNDs death certificate [PDF]

Empfohlene Literatur


zu Daniel Nicol Dunlop

(* 28. Dez.1868 in Kilmarnock; † 30. Mai 1935 in London)


Biografie auf Deutsch im Perseus Verlag (2. erw. und veränd. Aufl. 1996)

Biografie auf Englisch bei Temple Lodge Publishing (2014)

Nebst einem «Wikipedia»-Eintrag (dt. und engl.) finden sich allerlei weitere Aspekte rund um DND, zu welchen eine eigene Suche im Internet führt.

↩︎   «Kraft – Menschheit  – Wirtschaft» von D.N. Dunlop (O.B.E.),
Vorsitzender des internationalen geschäftsführenden Ausschusses der Weltkraft-Konferenz
[© Seite 1 der Übersetzung eines unveröffentlichten achtseitigen Typoskriptes]

Zu Daniel Nicol Dunlops Initiative


namens World Power Conference (WPC) ist ausserdem lesenswert


›  A Brief History of the World Energy Council (2013) [externe PDF]

«Since it was created in 1923, when visionary Daniel Dunlop brought together 40 countries to discuss the problems facing the global energy industry, the WEC has been non-governmental and non-commercial. Founded in the aftermath of war, it has withstood many changes, from geopolitical and economic upheavals to a complete shift in the way people understand and use energy.»

[Aus: World Energy Council, History (]